A Comparative Examination of Suspicions Regarding Women's Pilgrimage of Graves between Wahhabism and Traditional Islamic Scholars

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Ph.D. in Comparative Religious Studies and Researcher at Urwat al-Wuthqa International Academic Research Institute; Qom, Iran

2 Assistant Professor in the Department of Islamic Studies, Faculty of Literature, Lorestan University, Lorestan, Iran

10.22034/jspt.2024.418427.1009

Abstract

Wahhabism, in obedience to its elders, has raised doubts about the sanctity of visiting graves, deeming traveling to visit the grave of the Noble Prophet (PBUH) as forbidden. They have opposed the consensus of Muslims on traveling to visit the graves of predecessors in Medina and the recommended mosques in Medina. Furthermore, they have questioned women's visitation of graves due to seeking intercession from the deceased and Prohibition of evasive legal devices. This article seeks to address the question: What is the viewpoint of Sunni and Shia scholars regarding Wahhabi doubts about women's visitation of graves? The aim of this research is to elucidate Islamic rulings and the equality of the issue of visiting graves for both men and women. Regarding the visitation of graves, by responding to Wahhabi doubts about women's visitation of graves, the permission for visitation will become apparent according to the viewpoints of Shia scholars such as Bahrani, Najafi, and others, as well as Sunni jurists such as Khurashi, Ibn Abidin, Shawkani, and Ibn AbdulBarr. Considering the subject, the research method is descriptive-analytical, utilizing credible sources from Islamic schools of thought. Through examining authentic Islamic sources, Wahhabi doubts, such as considering it as mischief against non-mahram, Prohibition of evasive legal devices, and cursing women who visit graves, are found to be weak and lacking in legal evidence.

Keywords


Article Title [Persian]

بررسی تطبیقی شبهات زیارت قبور توسط زنان میان وهابیت و علمای متقدم مذاهب اسلامی

Authors [Persian]

  • Seyed Morteza Mirtabar Bozroodi 1
  • Nasrin Fattahi 2
1 Ph.D. in Comparative Religious Studies and Researcher at Urwat al-Wuthqa International Academic Research Institute; Qom, Iran
2 Assistant Professor in the Department of Islamic Studies, Faculty of Literature, Lorestan University, Lorestan, Iran
Abstract [Persian]

وهابیت به تبعیت از بزرگان خود شبهاتی در حرمت زیارت قبور مطرح کرده و سفر کردن به قصد زیارت قبر رسول اکرم‏(ص) را حرام نموده‌اند. آنان در مخالفت با اجماع مسلمانان سفر به قصد زیارت قبور پیشوایان در مدینه و مساجد سفارش شده در مدینه همچنین زیارت قبور توسط زنان به علت توسل به مردگان و سدذرایع را مطرح نموده‌اند. این مقاله در پی پاسخ به این سوال است که دیدگاه علمای اهل سنت و امامیه نسبت به شبهات وهابیت پیرامون زیارت قبور توسط زنان چیست؟ هدف از بررسی این پژوهش بیان احکام اسلام و یکسان بودن مساله زیارت قبور برای زن و مرد است. در مورد زیارت قبور با پاسخ به شبهات وهابیت در موضوع زیارت قبور توسط زنان جواز زیارت مطابق دیدگاه علمای امامیه مانند بحرانی، نجفی و غیره و فقهای اهل سنت مانند خرشی، ابن عابدین، شوکانی و ابن عبدالبر واضح خواهد شد. با توجه به موضوع، روش تحقیق، روش توصیفی و تحلیلی و با استفاده از منابع معتبر مذاهب اسلامی است. با واکاوی منابع مکتوب و معتبر اسلامی ، شبهات مطرح شده وهابیت مانند مفسده برخورد با نامحرم، سدذرایع، لعن برزنان زیارت کننده، بسیار سست و فاقد دلیل فقهی است.

Keywords [Persian]

  • زیات قبور
  • زیارت زنان
  • شبهات
  • وهابیت
  • مذاهب اسلامی
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