Investigating the Challenges of Institutionalizing Women's Social Participation in the Legal System of Iran

Document Type : Original Article


1 PhD student in Jurisprudence and Islamic Legal Foundations, Faculty of Theology, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

2 Associate Professor of Jurisprudence and Islamic Legal Foundations, Faculty of Theology, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

3 PhD in Law from Imam Sadegh University and level 3 of the seminary, lecturer in jurisprudence and principles, Tehran



Contemporary scholars emphasize the deliberate, voluntary, and responsible nature of participation, both as a right and a social obligation, attributing participation as an indispensable component of social justice and women's involvement as half of society. In this research, using a descriptive-analytical method, an attempt is made to elucidate the challenges and obstacles to institutionalizing women's social participation, considering the capacities of the legal system in Iran, and based on this, propose solutions for institutionalizing their participation. The research findings indicate that underutilizing all legal capacities for women's participation in the country's legal system and deliberation on solutions should be prioritized. The main challenges in this regard are focused on women's imbalance and minimal role in influential positions such as political and legislative institutions and managerial positions. The results suggest that by removing barriers and utilizing the capacities of the legal system, steps can be taken towards strengthening sustainable balance and stability. Accordingly, promoting women to managerial levels through institutionalizing appropriate governance and positive discrimination and strengthening women's position in legislative and supervisory institutions through legislation to adjust women's share and education and cultural promotion to maximize women's participation is recommended.


Article Title [Persian]

بررسی چالش‌های نهادینه‌سازی مشارکت اجتماعی زنان در نظام حقوقی ایران

Authors [Persian]

  • Akram Borjian 1
  • Mohammad Eshaghi 2
  • Maryam Mohajeri 3
1 PhD student in Jurisprudence and Islamic Legal Foundations, Faculty of Theology, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
2 Associate Professor of Jurisprudence and Islamic Legal Foundations, Faculty of Theology, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
3 PhD in Law from Imam Sadegh University and level 3 of the seminary, lecturer in jurisprudence and principles, Tehran
Abstract [Persian]

صاحبنظران، امروزه، با تأکید بر دلالت مفهوم «مشارکت» بر عملی آگاهانه، آزادانه و مسئولانه، مشارکت را هم در چارچوب حق و هم به عنوان تکلیف اجتماعی قلمداد مینمایند که عدالت اجتماعی و مشارکت زنان به عنوان نیمی از جامعه، جزءلاینفک آن است. در پژوهش حاضر با روش توصیفیتحلیلی تلاش میشود با عنایت به ظرفیتهای نظام حقوقی ایران، چالشها و موانع نهادینهشدن مشارکت اجتماعی زنان تبیین گردد و برایناساس، راهکارهایی جهت نهادینهسازی مشارکت ایشان، ارائه شود. یافتههای پژوهش نشان میدهد که عدم بهرهگیری از تمام ظرفیتهای قانونی مشارکت زنان در نظام حقوقی کشور و چارهاندیشی برای آن، میبایست در اولویت قرارگیرد و اهم چالشها در این خصوص، معطوف به عدمتوازن و نقش حداقلی زنان نسبت به مردان در جایگاههای تأثیرگذاری همچون نهادهای سیاستوقانونگذاری و مناصب مدیریتی است. نتایج حاکی از آن است که میتوان بوسیله رفع موانع و استفاده از ظرفیتهای نظام حقوقی، در جهت تقویت توازن پایدار و باثبات، گام برداشت. در این راستا، ارتقای زنان به سطوح مدیریتی بواسطه مدون کردن نظام شایستهسالاری و تبعیض مثبت و همچنین تقویت جایگاه زنان در نهادهای قانونگذار و سیاستگذار از طریق قانونگذاری در جهت تعدیل سهم زنان و آموزش و فرهنگسازی با هدف تبیین ضرورت تحقق حداکثری مشارکت زنان، پیشنهاد میشود.

Keywords [Persian]

  • مشارکت اجتماعی زنان
  • چالشها و موانع نهادینهسازی
  • محدودیتهای مشارکت زنان
  • ظرفیتها و امکانات قانونی مشارکت
  • نظام حقوقی ایران
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