Happiness in Ibn al-Arabi’s School of Thought and Theravada Buddhism: A Comparative Study

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Islamic knowledge, School of Medicine, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran

2 Faculty member of Ahlul Bayt International University, Qom, Iran

10.22034/jspt.2024.418840.1010

Abstract

"Happiness" serves as the ultimate aspiration across various religions. In this comparative study, we delve into the concept of happiness in Ibn al-Arabi’s school of thought and Theravada Buddhism. The purpose of this research is to create a dialogue between Buddhism and Islam by comparing how they define “happiness” and how they help the discussion on spirituality. This research thoroughly reviewed relevant scholarly works, primary texts, and secondary sources related to happiness in both traditions. Then, it analyzes how each tradition addresses happiness, ethical conduct, and the path to well-being. Describing the moral system of Ibn al-Arabi and Theravada Buddhism, the research analyzed the concept of happiness and the ways to achieve it on the basis of both schools. This review indicated that Buddha emphasizes freeing one’s self from greed, hatred, and ignorance. Ibn al-Arabi, however, argues that self-purification is not the ultimate goal, but it is the prelude to getting close to Allah and reaching the state of baqa(self-subsistence).

Keywords


Article Title [Persian]

بررسی تطبیقی سعادت دردو مکتب عرفانی ابن عربی و تراوده بودیسم

Authors [Persian]

  • علی جعفری 1
  • رضا کاظمی راد 2
1 استادیار گروه معارف اسلامی، دانشکده پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اراک، اراک، ایران
2 عضو هیئت علمی دانشگاه اهل البیت علیهم السلام، قم ، ایران
Abstract [Persian]

«سعادت» هدف نهایی همه ادیان است. این مقاله بر مفهوم سعادت در مکتب فکری ابن العربی و تراواده تمرکز خواهد داشت. هدف از این تحقیق ایجاد گفت‌وگو بین بودیسم و اسلام از طریق مقایسه چگونگی تعریف آنها از «سعادت» و کمک به بحث در مورد معنویت است. این پژوهش به دنبال یافتن تفاوت این دو مکتب مختلف عرفانی خدامحوری و انسان محوری در مورد سعادت انسان است. مکتب عرفانی ابن عربی به عنوان نماینده عرفان اسلامی به عنوان دیدگاه کمال گرای خداوند و آیین بودایی تراوادا به عنوان نماینده دیدگاه کمال گرایانه انسان محور انتخاب شد.نویسنده با توصیف نظام اخلاقی ابن العربی و بودیسم تراوادا، مفهوم سعادت و راه های دستیابی به آن را بر اساس هر دو مکتب تحلیل می کند. در این مقاله از روش توصیفی تحلیلی و منابع کتابخانه ای استفاده شده است. این بررسی نشان می دهد که بودا بر رهایی خود از حرص، نفرت و جهل تأکید می کند. اما ابن عربی معتقد است که تهذیب نفس هدف غایی نیست، بلکه مقدمه تقرب به خدا و رسیدن به مقام بقاء است.

Keywords [Persian]

  • سعادت
  • ابن العربی
  • بودیسم تراوادا
  • فنا (نابودی)
  • نیروانا
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