“Pleasure” from the Perspective of Jeremy Bentham and its Critique with an Emphasis on Quranic Verses

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Associate Professor, University of Tehran

2 Fourth-level Seminary Student of Jurisprudence and Principles of Islamic law and Postdoctoral Researcher in Moral Philosophy, University of Tehran

10.22034/jspt.2020.180753

Abstract

Pleasure serves as a motivator for human beings in both desirable and undesirable behaviors. The concept of pleasure has been discussed by various ethical schools, with some accepting hedonism, including utilitarianism. Utilitarianism was first introduced in the early 18th century by Jeremy Bentham (February 15, 1748 - June 6, 1832) and later adopted by John Stuart Mill (May 20, 1806 - May 8, 1873), along with many philosophers and thinkers who followed suit. In addition, the Quranic verses, which Muslims believe guarantee the happiness of individuals in this life and the hereafter, mention various aspects of pleasure related to topics such as social reforms, food and clothing, and the afterlife. The foundations of hedonism have had a significant impact on philosophers, thinkers, social laws, culture, and people's lifestyles. Therefore, this paper aims to analyze and examine Quranic verses related to pleasure, utilizing a descriptive-analytical and critically researched method of data collection in a library setting. In-text references were completed in both APA and MLA formats. Furthermore, the Persian translation of Naser Makarem Shirazi was utilized for translating Quranic verses.

Keywords


Article Title [Persian]

«لذت» از دیدگاه جرمی بنتام و نقد آن با تأکید بر آیات قرآن

Authors [Persian]

  • Ali Asgar Yazdi 1
  • Ali Ghanbarian 2
1 Associate Professor, University of Tehran
2 Fourth-level Seminary Student of Jurisprudence and Principles of Islamic law and Postdoctoral Researcher in Moral Philosophy, University of Tehran
Abstract [Persian]

لذت به عنوان یک محرک برای انسان در رفتارهای مطلوب و نامطلوب عمل می کند. مفهوم لذت توسط مکاتب اخلاقی مختلف مورد بحث قرار گرفته است و برخی لذت گرایی از جمله فایده گرایی را پذیرفته اند. فایده گرایی اولین بار در اوایل قرن هجدهم توسط جرمی بنتام (15 فوریه 1748 - 6 ژوئن 1832) معرفی شد و بعداً توسط جان استوارت میل (20 مه 1806 - 8 مه 1873) همراه با بسیاری از فیلسوفان و متفکران پذیرفته شد. پیروی کرد. علاوه بر این، آیات قرآن که به اعتقاد مسلمانان ضامن سعادت دنیوی و اخروی افراد است، جنبه های مختلف لذت را با موضوعاتی مانند اصلاحات اجتماعی، خوراک و پوشاک و آخرت ذکر کرده است. مبانی لذت گرایی تأثیر بسزایی بر فیلسوفان، متفکران، قوانین اجتماعی، فرهنگ و سبک زندگی مردم داشته است. از این رو، این مقاله با هدف تحلیل و بررسی آیات قرآنی مرتبط با لذت، با استفاده از روش توصیفی- تحلیلی و نقد انتقادی گردآوری داده ها در محیط کتابخانه ای انجام شده است. مراجع درون متنی در هر دو فرمت APA و MLA تکمیل شدند. همچنین برای ترجمه آیات قرآن از ترجمه فارسی ناصر مکارم شیرازی استفاده شده است.

Keywords [Persian]

  • لذت
  • عشق
  • آیات قرآن
  • جرمی بنتام
  • لذت های دنیوی و اخروی
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