Anthropology of Spiritual Wayfaring on the Basis of Quran and the Sunnah

Document Type : Original Article


1 Islamic Research Institute for Culture and Thought, Qom, Iran

2 PhD Student, University of Religions and Denominations, Qom, Iran


Spiritual anthropology is among the most important  foundations of Islamic ethics and practical mysticism.  In the religious tradition, we can outline a specific  structure of anthropology in terms of spiritual  wayfaring. The reality of the heart which is the  celestial identity of the human being, extends from its  divine facet down to its bodily facet, and consists of  the psychical and the spiritual regions. Each of these  in turn possesses two kinds of soldiers known as  characteristic soldiers and two kinds of strata which  are levels of the soul. The psychical region is the lower  region of the reality of the heart, wherein sensory and  psychical inclinations are dominant. It is inhabited by  the soldiers of ignorance (junūd al-jahl) and the  two strata of the nature (al-ṭabʿ) and the lower-self  (al-nafs) or the vegetative and the animal souls  respectively. The spiritual region, on the other hand,  which is the higher region of the reality of the heart  and is directly connected to the Infinite God inhabits  the soldiers of intellect (junūd al-ʿaql) and the two  strata of the spirit (rūḥ) and the secret (sirr) or the  sanctified and the divine souls respectively. 


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Abstract [Persian]